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Learning to Drive

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TERRITORY OF GUAM

Driverís Handbook

Department of Revenue and Taxation

Motor Vehicle Division

Handbook main page    Handbook Section II, part2

Instructions for this page: This is a study aid. You already have a Driver Handbook, either the PDF download or a hard copy from the driving school. I recommend you open this page in a new tab or a new browser so you can go back and forth to refer to this page as you complete the other assignments.

Black text is the actual book text.

Blue text is a link to discussion in the NOTES section below.

Green text is for phrases you should be familiar with.

Purple text is commentary inserted into the original text.

Section II

TRAFFIC LAWS Ė RULES OF THE ROAD

The Driverís Observance of the Law

1. COMPLIANCE with TRAFFIC LAWS and ORDINANCES

Drivers are required by law to comply with Guam traffic laws as set forth in the Guam Vehicle Code. Exceptions may arise when a traffic officer or policeman gives orders that conflict with traffic laws or ordinances. In such cases, the officerís directions must be complied with.

2. COMPLIANCE with ORDERS of TRAFFIC and POLICE OFFICERS and FIREMEN

Any traffic direction or signal by a traffic or police officer or a fireman on duty must be complied with. To meet a special situation or emergency, an officer may give orders that conflict with traffic laws or ordinances. In such cases, the officerís orders have priority.

3. COMPLIANCE with OFFICIAL SIGNS, SIGNALS and MARKINGS

Directions, controls, and limits indicated by all official traffic signs, signals, and markings must be observed. Exceptions may arise when an officer gives directions to meet a special situation or emergency. In such cases, the officerís orders must be complied.

Each of the three paragraphs above have two parts. The first part tells you that you must obey the law. The second part says if there is an officer there to direct traffic, his or her instructions have priority over the regular rules and over the signs and signals. The officer may respond to a situation or emergency by directing traffic. You must do what the traffic control officer says.

Some people (besides police) who might, in some circumstances, have authority to direct traffic:

National Guardsman

Fireman

Military Police

Park Ranger

Village Mayor

School Crossing Guard

Private Security (like at Chamorro Village)

Immigratrion officers

Marshalls

Additional Note: Please, for your own safety, always obey police even if it has nothing to do with driving.

It is a good policy to always obey police officers without question or hesitation. Ask any policeman if they agree with this.

The Driverís Signal

Every driver must have signals to tell other drivers on the road when he intends to change the direction in which his vehicle is moving or to reduce his speed or stop. These signals are described in the law. Signals may be given by hand-and-arm motion or by a signal light on the vehicle.

If you signal with flashing vehicle signal lights, be sure the signal does not continue to flash after you have completed your turn. When you plan a series of driving changes, such as a stop for a traffic light or stop sign followed by a right turn, you should always signal first for the action you intend to take first. Thus, in the situation mentioned above, you would signal first for a stop; come to a full stop; then signal for the right turn.

At night, when the hand-and-arm signal can not be seen, it is more efficient to use the vehicle signal lights. Although the law permits use of such signals during daylight, it is a wise precaution to use the hand-and-arm signals when bright sunlight may make it hard to see lights.

7 Reasons to use signals

Starting Your Vehicle

When starting from a parking place at the curb, first look for cars approaching from the rear, then give the proper signal. Pull out slowly. Remember, you do not have the right-of-way .

When starting from a garage or driveway, be sure to watch for approaching vehicles and pedestrians. Move cautiously to join the traffic at a suitable speed.

If your starting position requires backing, it may be necessary to inspect what is behind your vehicle very carefully before you begin to move it. (Colleen started to back the car out of our driveway and she saw the neighbor girl acrss the road talking to someone. Colleen got out of the car and walked around. Our two year old was sitting in the driveway behind the car, playing in the dirt. It's a good thing she was paying attention to the clues. Who was that girl talking to?

If you are not ABSOLUTELY certain there are no kids behind your car, get out and look behind. Fortunately, we both have the habit of backing up very slowly, but still...)  If necessary, leave the car to look behind it. Then, keep the space behind you well in view through your rear view mirrors and windows.

Stopping and Parking

Always give a clear signal for slowing and stopping before you begin to park your car. Usually your brake lights will suffice, but sometimes it is better to use a hand signal. If you are going to parallel park, you need to signal early so the other drivers can stay back. If they get too close, you cannot back up into your parallel park. See "7 reasons to signal". This is reason #5.

Never leave your car until you have stopped the engine and set the parking brake. On the drivig test, you MUST use the hand brake (parking brake). The definition of "parked" is: Gearshift in PARK and handbrake ON. If you are driving standard, then it is gearshift in a LOWEST gear (first or reverse), handbrake ON and engine OFF.

Driving in traffic often requires the ability to park your car parallel to a curb. The method for this at a right-hand curb is explained below: (for left-hand parking see this.)

1. Select a space large enough for your car. Stop beside and about a foot away from the vehicle in front of the space which you want to park.

2. Back up slowly. When you are about two feet back, begin turning your wheel to the right. Then turn all the way, still backing slowly, Watch for traffic and pedestrians. Keep on backing until your car is at a 45 degree angle with the street then stop. Check your angle: this is the secret to successful parallel parking. The method I teach in my video is slightly different but it is true that the secret is in the angle. If you go in too far, you hit the curb; if you go in too shallow, you are too far from the curb. Find what works for your car and then you know what angle is best for you.

3. Straighten your wheels and back up until your front bumper is even with the rear bumper of the car ahead. Turn your wheel sharply left and move back slowly.

4. Keep backing until your wheels almost touch the curb. Your right wheel should be approximately six inches from the curb. Straighten your wheels and move up to the center of the space. Set your parking brake.

Parallel Park Video

The Legal Parking Position is with the right front and rear wheels of the vehicle within 18 inches of the curb.

When you have to stop on a highway, be sure to park with all four wheels off the pavement if possible. If you can not park off the roadway, leave an unobstructed width of highway opposite your car. Your parked car should be visible 200 feet in each direction.

Parking Restrictions

When angle parking is not clearly designated, a vehicle must be parked parallel to the curb , heading in the direction of the traffic (see this means parallel park on one-way street is OK.) When parallel parked, the vehicleís right wheels shall be within 18 inches of the curb or edge of the street, unless a different system of parallel parking is clearly indicated by official traffic signs or markers. Always remove your keys from the ignition after parking your vehicle.

Front and rear bumper shall not be closer than two feet from the vehicles when in parked position, unless the street is otherwise market.

No person shall park a vehicle or permit it to stand, whether attended or unattended, upon a public highway in any of the following places:

a. Within an intersection.

b. On a crosswalk.

c. Between a safety zone and the adjacent curb or within thirty (30) feet of points on the curb immediately opposite the ends of a safety zone, unless official signs indicate a different length.

d. Within twenty-five (25) feet of the intersection or curb lines, or if none, then within fifteen (15) feet of the intersection of property lines at an intersection of highways.

e. Within thirty (30) feet upon the approach to any official flashing signal, stop sign or traffic signal located at the side of the highway.

f. Within fifteen (15) feet of the driveway entrance to any fire station

g. Within fifteen (15) feet of any fire hydrant.

h. In front of a private driveway, except that the owner of such private driveway may so park.

j. Immediately next to any street or highway excavation or obstruction, nor opposite the same, unless a clear and unobstructed width of not less than twenty (20) feet upon the main traveled portion of such street or highway shall be left free for the passage of other vehicles thereon.

k. On the roadway or highway side of any vehicle stopped or parked at the curb or edge of the highway.

l. On any Guam beach. No vehicle is allowed to park on the beach except for a short time while loading or unloading fishing or boating equipment. (Maximum fine: $100.00)

The Right-of-Way Rules are:

At intersections without traffic control devices, such as STOP or YIELD signs or Traffic Control Signs:

The first vehicle in the intersection has the right to go ahead. Keep in mind, however, that it is the responsibility of all drivers to Yield the right-of-way. When two vehicles enter an intersection from different streets or highways at the same time, the vehicle on the left shall Yield the right-of-way to the vehicle on the right. (Section 3325)

At Through Highways with STOP Signs: (You are on the side road and you are entering the main road. You do NOT have the right-of-way. )

It is easy for a beginner driver to think this is a 4-way stop. IT IS NOT. If you are on the side road (secondary road), you must stop at the sign and then proceed when traffic is clear. Do not stop and then go as if you expect the drivers on the main road (primary road) to stop for you. They do not have a stop sign. Can you tell I have almost been killed because a student driver got mixed up? It's true! Don't do it!

After you have stopped for a STOP sign, let any cars that are within the intersection (or approaching so closely that they may hit you) pass before you enter the through highway. On a divided highway, consider the danger of approaching cars on the further roadway before crossing it. Continue to yield the right of way at a STOP sign until such a time as you can proceed with reasonable safety. 

Be sure to practice estimating the speed of the other cars. When you first start driving, you may find yourself waiting unnecessarily, like when you could have gone but you weren't sure. Better safe than sorry! Don't let anyone pressure you to go just because they think it is safe. You know your level of experience. You are the driver and it's your decision. Better safe than sorry.

But...if you find yourself waiting a lot and you want to improve, here is what you do. When you decide to wait for an approaching vehicle, just count how many seconds away he is. Stop counting when he gets to where you are. If that car was 7 seconds away, maybe you could have gone. How many seconds does it take you to cross the road? 2 or 3?

So if the car is 4 seconds away, you did the right thing by waiting. If it's 9 seconds away, you probably could have gone. Now don't try to apply this right away, just gather the data. You don't have to start jumping out in front of approaching traffic. Just be deliberate about improving your ability to judge the speed and distance of approaching traffic. Remember that if someone is pressuring you to go, you are the driver and it's your decision. Also, if the person telling you to "just go" is also a beginner (less than 5 years of driving experience) don't listen to them.

Listen to your own instinct for survival and listen to me, your driving teacher!

 All vehicles on any secondary road which intersects with a through highway must STOP before entering or crossing the through highway, even if no official STOP sign is posted. If you are on the through highway and you see a vehicle some distance ahead that is crossing or about to cross after it has stopped at a STOP sign, you must slow down and allow the vehicle to proceed. (Section 3326)

If you are on a secondary road entering a main road, you must stop even if there is no stop sign. (Like leaving DMV parking lot and turning left onto the road--there is no stop sign there, but you must stop, both for the sake of obeying the law and your own safety. People coming down that road go incredibly fast and when drivers leaving Rev&Tax don't come to a complete stop, that is a recipe for disaster.)

The other point is that if you are on the main road and someone makes a mistake or misjudges the situation and they cut out in front of you, you are required by law to slow down and let them go. It is NOT your job to punish them, teach them a lesson or endanger the lives of the innocent passengers in that vehicle.

What if you sped up (to teach them a lesson) and their car stalled half-way across the road. Now you are going fast and your foot is on the gas pedal instead of the brake. And you hit that car on the side. Did the baby deserve to get hurt? Think about it, please. Safety is more important than your emotions.

Left Turns

When you approach an intersection, give the proper signal for at least 100 feet before turning. The law requires you to wait until it is safe for you to complete your turn. You must give the right-of-way to all cars approaching from the opposite direction on the same roadway that are close enough to be dangerous, and you may make the turn only when it is safe to do so. (Remember you do not have to stop before turning left OFF the main road, unless there are cars approaching. Do not turn left unless you are sure you have time to complete your turn.) These rules are especially important on divided highways with several lanes, where you must consider the danger of approaching cars in each lane while turning. These rules also apply to left turns into an alley, private road or property, or driveway. (Section 3321)  (Don't turn the wheel until you are ready to go. If you get hit from behind and your wheel is turned, you may be pushed into oncoming traffic.)

Private Driveways

When you enter a street ot highway from a driveway, alley or from private property, you must not interfere with the safe operation of cars approaching from either direction. (This means YIELD. Slow down, look and stop if there is traffic approaching. Donít just go, look first!  ALSO: Never cross a sidewalk without stopping first. Except turning left off a main road.) You must wait to enter the highway until it is safe to do so (Section 3327). When it can be done safely, you may cross a solid white or yellow line in the middle of the roadway into an alley or driveway. You may lawfully make a left turn across such a solid line for either of these maneuvers after you have made certain that no approaching vehicle is an immediate hazard.

Emergency Vehicles

Upon the approach of an authorized emergency vehicle (ambulance, police, fire equipment, civil defense, explosive ordinance, etc.) that is sounding a siren and/or displaying flashing red or blue lights, all highway users must yield the right-of-way, as stated in the Motor Vehicle Code of Guam (Section 3333).

The operators of all other vehicles shall yield the right-of-way and shall immediately drive to a position parallel to, and as close as possible to, the right-hand edge or curb of the highway clear of any intersection and thereupon stop and remain in such position until such authorized emergency vehicle has passed, except when otherwise directed by a police officer.  

Notes on emergency vehicles

All pedestrians upon the highway shall remain in a place of safety until such authorized emergency vehicle has passed, except when otherwise directed by a police officer.

Pedestrianís Right of Way at Crosswalks

The operator of a vehicle shall yield the right of way to a pedestrian crossing the roadway within any marked crosswalk or within any unmarked crosswalk at an intersection, except as otherwise provided this Code. All intersections that are roughly 90 degrees are considered to be crosswalks. After all, your choice as a driver is to hit them or yield. An intersection with no crosswalk lines is still a crosswalk; it is called an unmarked crosswalk.

Whenever any vehicle has stopped at a marked crosswalk or at any unmarked crosswalk at an intersection to permit a pedestrian to cross the roadway, the operator of any other vehicle approaching from the rear shall not overtake and pass such stopped vehicles. The above might seem obvious; don't pass a car that is stopping for a pedestrian. But some drivers are distracted or in a hurry or just not thinking at all. I recently saw a driver dart out from behind another car stopped at a crosswalk to let a pedestrian cross. He roared through the crosswalk and almost hit the pedestrian. In fact, I don't think he ever even saw the pedestrian. Don't do that.

 

How to Make Turns

Rules for Left and Right Turns:

Keep your car in the proper lane during all types of turns.

Signal for 100 feet before turning . You may need to signal for a longer distance if you must change lanes to make the turn properly.

You may not legally turn or move to the right or to the left on a roadway unless such a movement can be made with reasonable safety, and until you have given the appropriate signal. (signal is required by law for safety.)

On right turns, stay within the right-hand lane. Do not turn wide. On left turns, avoid cutting the corners.

Right Turns: Unless signs or pavement markings clearly permit a right turn from more than one lane, the turn must be made (after signaling for 100 feet) from the extreme right-hand lane. It must be completed in the extreme right-hand lane you are entering.

Right turn Against a Red Light:

After you have come to a full stop for a red traffic light signal and have made sure that traffic permits, you may turn right against the red signal if no posted sign prohibits such a turn, provided you are in the extreme right-hand lane.

Left Turns:

General rules for left turns that apply in all cases are these:

To start your left turn,get as close as possible to the left-hand edge of the extreme left-hand or portion of the roadway permitted to vehicles traveling in your direction on the street you wish to leave, unless signs or pavement markings indicate that left turns are permitted or unless a left-turn lane is present. If there is a left turn lane, use it. Follow the instructions of painted road markings. And if there are none of those, then move as far to the left as you can and then turn when it's safe .

Wait and watch at the turning point until it is safe for you to complete your turn. (donít turn wheel until ready to go.)

Guide your car into the lane closest to the left that is proper for vehicles traveling in your direction in the roadway you are entering. (Again, go to the prescribed lane. For left turns, stay far to the left.)

Lane Changing:

(Section 3314) states that a vehicle shall be drive as nearly as practical entirely within a single lane and shall not be moved from such a lane until the driver has first ascertained that such movement can be made with safety. (You cannot change lanes unless you are absolutely sure it is safe. That's why you have to turn your head to check the blind spot.)  Never change lanes in an intersection.  You must never change lanes in an intersection because it is super important that you be predictable when you approach and go through an intersection. Other drivers may be trying to make a right turn. Everyone should maintain lane position at intersections and close to intersections.

USE OF THE

CENTER LANE

An uneven number of traffic lanes is a standardized roadway design on Guam. Historically, this middle lane has been called Suicide Lane, Kamikaze Run, etcÖ due to unsafe and often illegal driving practiced here. It is actually a LEFT TURN lane and is only for turning left into or out of traffic .This lane is not to be used for passing and is not a safety zone for pedestrians. It is not only illegal to use the center lane for a walkway, it is positively suicidal.

Some defensive driving tips for using the middle lane:

If there is a center lane, it must be used for all left turns.  (This is another example of the importance of being consistent and predictable. If some drivers go to the center lane and others just lurch across the road to wherever they end up, the risk of crashing increases.)

Always signal your intent to turn left and donít turn your wheels until it is safe to execute the full turn, because if youíre hit from behind or in front, the turn of your wheels will send you direction into the oncoming traffic. Watch very carefully before entering the middle lane and before the turning out of it; look for cars coming up behind you or planning to turn in front of you into the lane.  (The center lane is used by traffic in both directions. Be extra careful and alert when using the center lane.)

U-TURNS

The U-Turn is described by law as a turn to proceed in the opposite direction .  The following are when you may NOT make a U-Turn:

1. On a curve or near the crest of a grade (hill) where your car cannot be seen for 200 feet either direction.

2. At any intersection where a traffic signal controls the movement of vehicles, including intersections where green arrows control the flow, unless a sign specifically says a U-Turn may be made.

3. Where there are cars so near that they may hit you.

4. Where there are signs prohibiting U-Turns.

5. In front of the driveway entrance or approach to a fire station. Never use a fire station driveway for the purpose of driving around.

6. In a business district, except through a specifically provided opening for U-Turns at some intersection and divided roadways.

You may make a U-Turn in the middle of the block in a residential district if there are no cars coming toward you from either direction so close as to be dangerous (or within 100 feet).

Provided all other conditions such as signs, signals, the nature of the district or the adjacent intersections are such as to make U-Turns lawful, a driver may cross a solid white or yellow line to make a U-Turn if the turn can be made safely.

SUGGESTION: When in doubt, drive around the block!

END OF SECTION II PART 1

NOTES:

The Driver's Signal

When you are driving, you must communicate with the other drivers so you don't crash into them and so they don't crash into you. If nobody knows what the other guy is doing, there will be crashes.

*Communicate and Anticipate*

To avoid collisions, you communicate to other drivers. The reason you do this is to be predictable. This means other drivers do not have to try to guess what you are doing.

You communicate by using your turn signals, by "telegraphing" your moves (make it look like you are going to do what you are going to do) and by behaving predictably. Move in a prescribed manner. Then others can anticipate what you are doing and give you time and space to complete your move.

The other side of this coin is anticipate. You need to actively notice other drivers and think about what they are going to do next. If everyone did both of these things, there would be few crashes. Everyone lets other drivers know what they are planning to do and all drivers pay attention to what other drivers are doing. Everyone moves in prescribed patterns so it is easy to anticipate where they will be. Most crashes on the road would be prevented.

7 reasons to use your turn signal (and 0 reasons not to)

1. It's easy. (Flick your finger. Kind of dumb not to if you think about how easy it is to do.)

2. It's required by law.  (Despite what it looks like when you watch the traffic on Guam, it is not against the law to obey the law. Go ahead, respect the law. It shows respect for the community and for the law enforcement officers.)

3. It's a courtesy to other drivers, and just plain rude not to. (Do you like people doing abrupt moves in front of you with no warning?)

4. It helps traffic flow smoothly and prevents crashes. 

5. It gives other drivers an opportunity to cooperate with you. (let you change lanes, allow you to turn in front of them, or get out of the right turn lane. Example: I was in the right lane and the light turned red. I looked behind to see if the car behind me wanted to turn. If his signal was on, I would have moved out of the right turn lane. He did not signal, so I stayed. Light turned green and he turned. He should have signalled. I would have cooperated and moved to the other lane. He could have turned a lot earlier. But he was too lazy, so he sat there for extra minutes.)

6. It's a good habit that you will never regret. (It's even easier if it is a habit and you do it without thinking.)

7. You will get demerits on the driving test each time you forget to signal.

*****

#7 is a compelling reason even if you have been taught that the other six reasons don't matter.

What have you been taught regarding use of turn signals? That it's unnecessary? Too difficult?

I saw a guy turn into Gold's Gym without using a turn signal. I laughed. What is so funny? Think about it.

Why did he not signal?  I asked a student what he thought. He said, "Maybe he forgot."

I said, "He remembered to slow down and turn the steering wheel. That's a lot more effort than flicking a finger to let other drivers know what he is doing."

Student said "Too much effort?"

I laughed again. The guy was going to work out at the gym! And he didn't have the energy to turn the switch on the turn signal?

So we got right to the problem. Student said, "I guess he just doesn't care." And there you go. But why don't people care?

I suggest you start to care. There is enough meanness and rudeness in the world already. Do we have to add more of it to the mix?

ASSIGNMENT: Review the 7 reasons above. Can you think of any reasons I missed? Do my reasons make sense? Can you think of any good reasons to NOT use your turn signal to communicate your intentions to other drivers?

What is your conclusion regarding use of signals?

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*****

 

From the book:

The first vehicle in the intersection has the right to go ahead. Keep in mind, however, that it is the responsibility of all drivers to yield the right-of-way. When two vehicles enter an intersection from different streets or highways at the same time, the vehicle on the left shall Yield the right-of-way to the vehicle on the right. (Section 3325)

RIGHT OF WAY RULES: (Pay close attention to this so you understand. This is important.)

First of all, we are taking about a 3-way, or 4-way stop intersection. The same rules apply to an uncontrolled intersection without markings or sign.

The book says the first vehicle to enter the intersection has the right to go. This is unfortunate wording because you do not have the RIGHT to go. The next sentence says it is every driver's responsibility to yield. How could it be your right to go and at the same time your responsibility to yield? Well, the AARP driving safety course has a good explanation: It says that Right-of-way is something you give, not something you take.

So you should know when it is your turn (that's what right-of-way means) and you should know that it is better to yield than crash.

A green light is not a guarantee of safety. It just means it is your turn to go. You may proceed when it is safe. The same applies to all other right-of-way scenarios. You should know the rules and also be ready to give your right-of-way to an erratic or aggressive driver.

Example: If you are at a 4-way stop and it's your turn and a bus is clearly planning to go through without stopping, just let it go. Get that driver out of your life. Safely. Who cares if it was your turn? I tell students in class that right-of-way rules are important (for pretty much the same reasons I gave for using turn signals--communicate and anticipate; predictability and consistency), but... in some cases, the right-of-way goes to whoever is the most willing to die.  Just give it to them.

OK, let's look at the 4-way stop rules.

Rule #1 - Whoever gets there first goes first. That makes sense. First come, First served.

Rule #2 - When two vehicles enter the intersection from different streets or highways, the vehicle on the left shall yield.

Wait a sec...I want to highlight that in green so you know you must know this phrase:When two vehicles enter the intersection from different streets or highways, the vehicle on the left shall yield.

Notice it does not say the one on the right goes first. It is true and it is implied that the vehicle on the right goes first. A lot of people get the question wrong because they are thinking about who goes first, but remember that:

a. The test is based on the book, not on common knowledge.

b. The book says the one on the left shall yield. It does not mention that the driver on the right gets to go first.

Again, right-of-way is to be given, not taken. This concept is important and it explains why the book does not instruct you to take the right-of-way if you are the vehicle on the right. It instructs you to YIELD (wait) if you are the vehicle on the left.

The focus is on giving right-of-way, not on taking it.

 

***Review 4 way stop: The book says ***

a. first come, first served.  And

b. if they get there at the same time, the one on the left shall yield.

Right-of-way means IT'S YOUR TURN

Yield means WAIT

Right-of-way does not mean GO; it means go when safe.

 

 

 

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*****

 

When we refer to emergency vehicles, we mean with lights and/or sirens. An ambulance without any emergency lights or siren is the same as any other vehicle as far as right-of-way rules.

The text in the book is very complicated. That is because it is quoting Guam Law. Lawyer Language.

What it means is you should pull to the right as far as you can and stop and stay there until the emergency vehicle is past. By the way, you are not allowed to speed by following in the wake of an ambulance. It might seem like a good idea, but don't do it.

So the book says:

1. Pull to the right as far as you can

2. Stop.

3. Stay until vehicle is past.

 

Now let's talk about real life. We cannot always stop. Sometimes the firetruck is past before you stop. Other times it is OK to keep moving, like if the vehicle is coming toward you and there are 5 empty lanes. Then, you don't just ignore it, but you can slow down and proceed.

Ambulance drivers tell us to tell our students: DO NOT PULL TO THE LEFT. Sometimes drivers think this is clever. But it could cost someone their life.

One time I was at a major intersection on Marine Corps Drive. An ambulance was screaming and blaring in a HUGE hurrry. Most of the cars squeezed to the right. but one guy pulled into the left lane, blocking the only available lane. Just do what the book says and pull RIGHT.

When you hear a siren, try to figure out where it is and where it is going. Do not enter an intersection if you don't know where the siren is coming from. Just wait a couple of seconds. If other drivers honk, well, that's why you take driver ed.; so you can be smarter than them. Safety matters more than going faster.

If your music is too loud, you can't hear sirens and you are endangering other people. When you are driving, your priority should be attending to the task of driving, so listen to music at a reasonable volume.

 

 

 

 

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*****

 

 

You may have noticed that many drivers do not stay in the correct lane as they turn. However, turning to the correct lane is important for a couple of reasons:

1st reason - Safety, reduce the risk: You should be predicatable and consistent in your behavior when you drive. There are specific rules about lane use and turning. If everyone knows the rules and follow the rules, everyone will know what everyone else is doing and there will be few crashes.

Here are some rules.

Right turns: Turn from right lane to right lane. If there are 2 right turn lanes, turn from first lane into first lane, or turn from second lane to second lane. If you are in the second lane, you may NOT turn right at a red light. You must wait for a green light.

Left turns: turn from left turn lane (or innermost lane if there is no left turn lane) into the leftmost lane.

Drivers who do random things on the road make it difficult for other drivers to anticipate their actions. Unpredictable actions increase the chances of crashing, especially if neither driver is practicing "communicate and anticipate". If neither driver is paying attention to the other (and may also be driving fast or abruptly), and neither is signalling or behaving in a predictable way, then it's no surprise they hit each other.

You don't crash every time you wander randomly on the road, but it does increase the risk and you may run out of luck.

You should care enough about your long-term safety to avoid other people's bad habits. Even if you don't care, at least be aware of what the rules are so you you know why other drivers are doing it.

2nd reason - Pass the driving test. If you do not turn to and from the correct lane, the examiner may end the test.  At the very lesat, you will surely get demerits for not even knowing where on the road you are supposed to be.

It is much safer for everyone if you drive in the correct lanes at all times.

 

 

 

 

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*****

 

Right Turn Against Red Light

The book says:

"After you have come to a full stop for a red traffic light signal and have made sure that traffic permits, you may turn right against the red signal if no posted sign prohibits such a turn, provided you are in the extreme right-hand lane."

Let's turn that paragraph into a list.

1. Stop. That's the first thing you do. And that means a complete stop.

2. "Ensure traffic permits" This means yield to any approaching vehicles.

3. If it's clear, you may turn if (provided):

4. There is no regulatory sign telling you " No Turn on Red"  Where there is no sign, you may turn.

5. You must be in the extreme right-hand lane. If you are in the second right turn lane, you may not turn until the light is green.

If all four of those things are in order, you can turn.

First, you stop at the stop line. Look for pedestrians in the crosswalk. If there are no pedestrians, you can pull forward across the crosswalk to where you can see the traffic approaching. When you can see and it's clear, you can turn.

Many experienced drivers fail the driving test because they fail to stop before turning right against the red light. Be sure you obey traffic laws.

 

 

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